Mattei Dogan chaired the Research Committee on Political Elites of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) and the Research Committee on Comparative Sociology of the International Sociological Association (ISA). He was also the founder of the Foundation Mattei Dogan that is devoted exclusively to the social sciences, and which is recognized as a non-profit organization by both the French and American governments.

His main research domains include elite studies, international comparative analysis, and interdisciplinary approaches. His publications have dealt with the relationship between political behavior and religious behavior, political legitimacy and the ruling class. He also worked on the society and political regime of Italy.

His professional itinerary was marked by his affiliation with the Committee on Political Sociology (ISA and IPSA), which played a pioneering role in comparative research and where he was in the company of scholars like Giovanni Sartori, Seymour Martin Lipset, Stein Rokkan, Richard Rose, Juan Linz, and other comparativists. During his long career, which spanned more than a half-century, he moved from empirical research on topics like voter behavior to more encompassing theoretical work, his last publication being “Is There A Ruling Class in France?”.